Installing Joomla on 1&1

Joomla 1.5 RC2 (Endeleo) was released on September 1. There will probably be one more release candidate before the stable version is released. The current version has made major improvements in the software and fixed many bugs. Users of previous versions should upgrade soon.

I’m not sure why this version of Joomla is a second release candidate. RC2 (Mapya) was released on July 21. The current version should be called RC3 (Endeleo).

The Best Way to Install Joomla

Installing Joomla on 1&1 can be challenging. The typical way of setting it up is to first decompress the files in Windows and then uploading these files to your domain’s root folder by FTP or SSH. This is not a good way to transfer the files unless you don’t mind the 2 hours of time that it will take. Even though there are only 11.2 MB of files, there are 3,393 files in 650 folders. It takes time to create the nested folders and upload files to them. I should note that the Linux hosting package is required to install Joomla on 1&1. The Windows package doesn’t have the required PHP or MySQL.

A better way is to upload the .zip or .gz Joomla file you downloaded (i.e. Joomla-1.5RC.zip, or Joomla-1.5RC.tar.gz) and then upload it to your server. It can be decompressed there which will be a quick process. You need to login to your SSH account (available only in Business or higher packages on 1&1) and then use one of the following procedures (depending on which file you downloaded) for uncompressing Joomla. I recommend you install WinSCP which will give you PuTTY for using your account at the command line. Of course, you can install PuTTY on its own, but WinSCP is a great tool for managing your files and folders in 1&1.

Steps for Uncompressing Joomla

The Joomla-1.5RC.zip should be in the folder that it will be installed on your server.

  1. Login to your account with SSH.
  2. Move to the folder where the .zip file is (this is where you’ll be installed Joomla). You can move around in Linux with the cd command, i.e. cd MyCMS, which moves you to the MyCMS folder

Uncompressing a Zip File in Linux

  1. Enter the following command to unzip the Joomla files,

    unzip Joomla-1.5RC.zip

    Linux is case sensitive so enter the command exactly as displayed. Once you run the above command, the hundreds of files and folders will be uncompressed.

Uncompressing a Gzip File in Linux

  1. Enter the following commands to uncompress the Joomla files,

    tar -zxvf Jooma-1.5RC.tar.gz

    Linux is case sensitive so enter the command exactly as displayed. Once you run the above command, the hundreds of files and folders will be uncompressed.

Run the Setup Program

  1. After the files are uncompressed, open the URL in your web browser where the files were copied to and start the Joomla installation.

You will save a great deal of time by uncompressing Joomla on your server instead of uploading them from your computer using an FTP client.

Making Joomla SEO Friendly

The URL created by the default install of Joomla are not SEO friendly and could prevent your site from being properly indexed by search engines. Turn on the SEO Settings in Global Configuration and then make the following modification to the htaccess.txt files in the root folder:

  1. Rename the file to .htaccess
  2. Open the file in a text editor (this is where WinSCP is useful).
  3. Scroll down the file until you find

    # RewriteBase /

  4. Remove the comment so it looks like

    RewriteBase /

Your website is now SEO friendly.

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