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How to Uncompress Files in Linux

Linux users frequently have to uncompress .tar, .gzip, or .zip files. There are GUI utilities that can do this, but there may be instances where you have to do this from a Linux command shell. The following commands covers the most used compression formats for Linux.

Uncompressing a .tar File

tar -xvf file.tar

Uncompressing a .gz File

gunzip file.gz

Uncompressing a .zip File

unzip file.zip

Uncompressing a .tar.gz File

gunzip file.tar.gz
tar -xvf file.tar

Or you can uncompress both formats in one command:

tar -zxvf file.tar.gz

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